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Simultaneous Navigation and Synthetic Aperture Radar Focusing

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Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) equipment is a radar imaging system that can be used to create high resolution images of a scene by utilising the movement of a flying platform. Knowledge of the platform’s trajectory is essential to get good and focused images. An emerging application field is real-time SAR imaging using small and cheap platforms, where estimation errors in navigation systems imply unfocused images. This contribution investigates a joint estimation of the trajectory and SAR image. Starting with a nominal trajectory, we successively improve the image, by optimizing a focus measure and updating the trajectory accordingly. The method is illustrated using simulations using typical navigation performance of an unmanned aerial vehicle. One real data set is used to show feasibility, where the result indicates that in particular the azimuth position error is decreased as the image focus is iteratively improved.

Fredrik Gustafsson

Field of Interest

“The field of interest shall be the organization, systems engineering, design, development, integration, and operation of complex systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments. These systems include but are not limited to navigation, avionics, mobile electric power and electronics, radar, sonar, telemetry, military, law-enforcement, automatic test, simulators, and command and control."


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