Types of Contributions
Contributions may be in the form of regular papers or correspondence items. Both are submitted electronically via https://ieee.atyponrex.com/journal/tradar-ieee.
Regular papers are to be a well-rounded treatment of a problem area. The title, abstract, and introduction should be sufficiently informative to illuminate the essence of the manuscript to the broadest possible audience and to place the contributions in context with related work. The body of the manuscript should be understandable without undue effort by its intended audience.
The "Regular Paper" type must be selected when submitting. If there is reference material that is both essential for the reviewing process and unavailable to the reviewers, the authors should provide an electronic copy for the sake of expediting the review process. There is no limit on the number of manuscript pages. But authors should be aware that:
- Unnecessarily long manuscripts may receive unfavorable reviews.
- Publication of an accepted regular paper manuscript must be accompanied by $200 for each printed page beyond 10.
The distinction between regular papers and correspondence is not one of quality, but of nature. Whereas a regular paper is a well-rounded treatment of a problem area, a correspondence item makes one or two points concisely. Consequently, correspondence items should be less discursive, but as lucid, as a regular paper.
The "Correspondence Item" manuscript type must be selected when submitting. If there is reference material that is both essential for the reviewing process and unavailable to the reviewers, the authors should provide an electronic copy for the sake of expediting their review process. There is no limit on the number of manuscript pages. But authors should be aware that:
- Unnecessarily long manuscripts may receive unfavorable reviews.
- Publication of an accepted correspondence manuscript must be accompanied by $200 for each printed page beyond 6.
Information for all IEEE Authors: General information for IEEE authors (in some cases superseded by specific TAES instructions) is available at the IEEE Author Center.
T-RS publishes only original material within the scope of radar systems. Original means the work has neither appeared elsewhere for publication, nor which is under review for another publication. The absence of originality undermines the effectiveness of T-RS and places a burden on the review process. Originality is compromised in a number of ways: plagiarism, failure to cite one's own previously published work, multiple submission, and submission of previously reviewed and rejected manuscripts.
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to (a) uncredited copying of someone else's work, (b) using someone else's material without clear delineation or citation, and (c) uncited reuse of an author's previously published work that also involves other authors. The following sanction will be applied for any of the above-noted infractions: (i) immediate rejection of the manuscript in question; (ii) immediate withdrawal of all other submitted manuscripts by any of the authors to any of the Society's publications (journals, conferences, workshops); (iii) prohibition against all of the authors for any new submissions, either individually, in combination with the authors of the plagiarizing manuscript as well as in combination with new coauthors, to ALL of the Society's publications (journals, conferences, workshops). The minimum duration of the prohibition is determined from the level of plagiarism as defined in Section 8.2.4.D of the Publications Services and Products Board Operations Manual. The IEEE societies sponsoring T-RS may impose additional penalties pertaining to submission to their other publications.
Failure to Cite One's Own Previously Published Work
It is common in technical publishing for material to be presented at various stages of its development. For example, preliminary versions may appear in workshops, more developed versions in conference proceedings, and fully developed material in transactions articles. The T-RS editorial board fully supports this evolutionary publishing paradigm. If authors have used their own previously published material as a basis for the T-RS submission, the authors are required to cite the previous work(s) and very clearly indicate how the new submission differs from the previously published works(s). Failure to do so constitutes an abuse of the evolutionary publishing paradigm. Manuscripts that are found not to be in compliance will be immediately rejected. Authors who are found not to be in compliance are subject to the corrective actions outlined in Section 8.2.4.G.2 of the Publications Services and Products Board Operations Manual. The IEEE societies sponsoring T-RS may impose additional penalties pertaining to submission to their other publications.
Multiple submission is defined as a given article being concurrently under active consideration by two or more publications. Multiple submissions are not allowed by T-RS. An article that is discovered to be multiply submitted, at any point in the review process, will be immediately rejected. Authors who are found not to be in compliance are subject to the corrective actions outlined in Section 8.2.4.G.3 of the Publications Services and Products Board Operations Manual. The IEEE societies sponsoring T-RS may impose additional penalties pertaining to submission to their other publications.
Previously Reviewed and Rejected Manuscripts
If a manuscript was previously reviewed and rejected by any journal, the authors shall disclose this fact at the time of submission (there is a question about this in the online submission form). The authors shall provide to the editors assigned to their submission copies of all correspondence involving the earlier submission. In addition, the authors must discuss the reasons why the manuscript has been re-submitted and be prepared to deliver further material if more is requested. A manuscript that is discovered to be very similar to an undisclosed previously reviewed and rejected manuscript will be immediately rejected. A warning will be sent on the first offense. Additional offenses could result in suspension of publication privileges from the individual IEEE societies sponsoring T-RS.
Publishing Ethics - Authorship
Authorship and co-authorship should be based on a substantial intellectual contribution. It is assumed that all authors have had a significant role in the creation of an article that bears their names. Therefore, the list of authors on an article serves multiple purposes; it indicates who is responsible for the work and to whom questions regarding the work should be addressed. Moreover, the credit implied by authorship is often used as a measure of the contributors' productivity when they are evaluated for employment, promotions, grants, and prizes.
In accordance with Section 8.2.1.A.1 of the Publications Services and Products Board Operations Manual, the T-RS affirms that authorship credit must be reserved for individuals who have met each of the following conditions:
- Made a significant intellectual contribution to the theoretical development, system or experimental design, prototype development, and/or the analysis and interpretation of data associated with the work contained in the article;
- Contributed to drafting the article or reviewing and/or revising it for intellectual content; and
- Approved the final version of the article as accepted for publication, including references.
By completing the submission of the manuscript, the corresponding author is affirming the above conditions for all authors. Violations result in immediate rejection of the manuscript. A warning will be sent on the first offense. Additional offenses could result in suspension of publication privileges from the individual IEEE societies sponsoring T-RS.
Submission of Final Manuscript Files
After a paper or correspondence is recommended for publication, the corresponding author will be contacted by the Editorial Office and given information on what is required for the Final Submission Package and a link for uploading the Final Submission Package. Authors should be careful to ensure that any differences between the accepted manuscript and the version in Final Submission Package be clearly marked and be in accordance with instructions from the accepting associate editor. Any change in title, authorship or references must be made with explicit approval from the Editor-in-Chief, and such approval would be extremely rare.
The IEEE must, of necessity, assume that material submitted for publication is properly available for general dissemination to the audiences the IEEE is organized to serve. It is the responsibility of the author, not the IEEE, to determine whether disclosure of materials requires the prior consent of other parties and if so, obtain it.
For Regular Papers and Correspondence items, the approved template format is required for submission, which is available in either LaTex or MS Word form at https://template-selector.ieee.org/.
Author Names in Native Languages
IEEE supports the publication of author names in the native language alongside the English versions of the names in the author list of an article. For more information, please visit the IEEE Author Center.
Use of Novel or New
T-RS recommends avoiding terms like "new" or "novel" in your article title and abstract. The reader already knows that your research is new since research articles report new findings. Instead, describe your research as concisely as possible in your article title and abstract. Think about the keywords you would use to conduct a search on your article's topic and be sure to include those keywords in your title and abstract to help readers find your article.
The Editor-in-Chief assigns an Associate Editor to each submission based on the technical area that best matches technical content of the submission, using keywords as useful indicator. The Associate Editor is responsible for managing the review process.
Two levels of prescreening are performed for each submission. The first level of prescreening is performed by the Editor-in-Chief and is based on criteria a. – e. in Section 8.2.2.A.3 of the IEEE PSPB Operations Manual. The second level of prescreening is performed by the Associate Editor. Questions pertaining to the minimum criterion for technical substance (described above in Types of Contributions) are answered by a panel of editors with the appropriate technical expertise. A manuscript that passes the prescreening process is considered “in review”.
Previously rejected submissions to other journals will be closely scrutinized during the pre-screening process. Such resubmissions may be rejected due to inadequate justification for the resubmission.
Previously rejected submissions to T-RS are subjected to a more rigorous prescreening process. The justification for resubmission and the authors’ response to the issues that led to rejection are examined closely. Resubmissions that fail to adequately justify the resubmission will be rejected without review.
Submissions to T-RS that pass prescreening are peer-reviewed in accordance with the requirements set forth in the IEEE PSPB Operations Manual (section 8.2.1.C and 8.2.2.A). Each published article is reviewed by a minimum of two independent reviewers using a single-blind peer-review process, where the identities of the reviewers are not known to the authors, but the reviewers know the identities of the authors. Articles will be screened for plagiarism before review and before acceptance.
For manuscripts that receive a Major Revision or Minor Revision decision, the author is invited to submit a revised version of the manuscript together with a separate file designated the Response to Reviewers that details a point-by-point response to all issues raised by the editors and reviewers. Manuscripts that insufficiently address reviewer comments are subject to rejection to avoid an unnecessarily long review process.
The Associate Editor recommends to the Editor-in-Chief a decision based on the comments of the anonymous reviewers and his or her own reading of the manuscript. T-RS uses four decisions: Reject, Major Revision, Minor Revision, and Accept. A Major Revision usually means significant work is required and that the revised manuscript will be re-reviewed by one or more of the original reviewers. A Minor Revision usually means the revision will be evaluated by the Associate Editor without resending it to the reviewers. The comments of the reviewers are included in the decision letter. The Editor-in-Chief makes the editorial decision based on the Associate Editor recommendation.
Graphical and video abstracts enhance the appearance of your article on IEEE Xplore® by providing a visual summary of the findings of the article by means of a video, audio clip, image, or animation; for example, you may include a short video summarizing the contributions of your article. Further information on the preparation of graphical abstracts and videos is available in the Supplementary Material guide.
IEEE has partnered with Code Ocean to make algorithms and data files hosted on Code Ocean accessible through IEEE Xplore.® Code Ocean is an executable platform that allows code to be stored, shared, and run in the cloud. Anyone can run a code posted to Code Ocean, modify it, and test the modifications, without changing the original code. Authors who have published with IEEE in the past five years can upload their code to Code Ocean and it will be automatically linked to the article published in the IEEE Xplore® Digital Library. Further information is available in the IEEE Author Center.
It is the policy of the IEEE to own the copyright to the technical contributions it publishes. A signed copyright form is required only of accepted manuscripts. Publication will not take place without a completed copyright form. The copyright form is signed electronically. A link to the online electronic copyright form will be sent to the corresponding author of accepted manuscripts.
In accordance with IEEE policies regarding open access (OA) content, the T-RS is a "hybrid" journal. This means that authors have the choice between the traditional publication model and an OA model. The former is the familiar procedure in which an accepted article is available on IIEEE Xplore to subscribers of that service. Under the OA model, the author of an accepted manuscript chooses to pay a fee, such that the manuscript is posted on IEEE Xplore and available, free, to all. The current OA fee is $2195 per article, and this figure is independent of manuscript type (regular, correspondence or letter). Please also note that over-length page charges will be collected regardless of which model is chosen. For any questions regarding IEEE's Open Access policy, please refer to our Frequently Asked Questions.
(Revised October 2022)